The winter season has started. The onset of winter begins with a great Festival Like Deepawali. But With Diwali, Air Pollution also increases significantly. During Diwali, the amount of pollution in the atmosphere increases up to 200 percent, which lasts for a long time. In such a situation, during this time, respiratory patients have to face a lot of problems. The Winter season is no less than a challenge for respiratory patients. Many doctors believe that the number of pneumonia, flu, asthma, and COPD increases during the winter season. Let us see how much the winter season diseases give trouble to patients with respiratory diseases and why?
Due to the increase in cold, the windpipe constricts, which makes it difficult to breathe. The immune system is very weak in young children and the elderly, due to which the risk of respiratory diseases increases. Air pollution, along with cold, causes many diseases related to the respiratory system. Therefore, children, older people, and respiratory patients should avoid colds as soon as the cold season starts. When the winter season begins, certain viruses become active. Therefore, during this season, the cases of allergies and viral infections of the nose and throat increase significantly. Let us see what are respiratory diseases and how do they happen?
Winter season diseases
Allergies cause asthma disease. In this, the respiratory tract is congenitally very sensitive. When exposed to allergens, the airways become swollen and constricted. Because of this, they suddenly start feeling short of breath. Allergies mainly cause air pollution, dust, smoke, and pollen. If a patient with asthma is exposed to all these things, then the problem of asthma takes a more serious form. There are problems like shortness of breath, cough, chest pain, and sound in the throat in asthma. It is treated only after examining the lung function capacity.
Nasal allergies can be perennial, not just in the winter season. There is swelling, itching, a watery nose, and nasal congestion when there is an allergy to the nose. Inflammation occurs in this sovereign sinus which is called sinusitis. If allergies in children persist for a long time, problems like earache, hearing loss, and hearing loss also occur.
Winter is also the season for the flu or influenza virus to become active. Children, the elderly, pregnant women, and people with HIV-infected and complex diseases such as asthma, COPD, diabetes, and heart disease can take serious forms. These serious problems can also include conditions such as heart attack, multiple organ failure.
More cases of pneumonia are seen in the winter season diseases. People who are short of breath are at increased risk of getting pneumonia in cold weather. Apart from this, young children, the elderly, and people suffering from complex diseases can also be prone to pneumonia during this season.
COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
It is a major lung disease also known as chronic bronchitis. According to statistics, about 40 million people in India are suffering from this disease. Apart from this, it is the third-largest cause of death in the world. This disease mainly occurs in people living under the influence of dust, smoke, and pollution. There are women in rural areas who cook food on the stove or fire, and they are more prone to this disease. The disease usually starts after the age of 30 to 40 years. Its initial symptom is cough, which is also called smoker’s cough. If the symptoms of the disease are not understood, it starts growing from here, and mucus also starts coming in it. Gradually the patient becomes unable to take a bath, walk, go to the washroom, etc. Sometimes this disease of breathlessness becomes so much that the patient cannot even talk properly. This disease of COPD gives more trouble in the winter season diseases.
To avoid respiratory diseases in the winter season, adopt the following methods.
- Try to stay away from dust, mud, and smoke.
- If you go for a morning walk, then stop taking a morning walk in cold weather.
- If you are going out of the house for some work, then definitely put on a mask.
- Always use hot water for bathing. Many people are fond of eating ice cream and cold drinks in winter, but if you are suffering from any respiratory disease, then do not consume ice cream and cold drinks at all.
- As the cold increases, try to keep your body warm and wear more and more clothes. Don’t get caught up In Fashion.
- Inhalation patients should consult the doctor and take the inhaler on time.
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