The name Bihar itself gives a sense of its art and culture. It is a historical state located in the North East of India. In ancient times it was known as Magadha. The whole of India has originated from Bihar. There are many such places to see in Bihar, which still gives information about the history here. People come from far and wide to see the tourist place here. Today we will tell about those great 4 places of Bihar, on which Bihar is still proud.
4 great places of Bihar
Mahabodhi Temple is located in the Gaya district of Bihar. This is an ancient Bodh temple, one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This is the place where Mahatma Buddha attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree. This tree is known as Mahabodhi which is still situated in the east of the temple. The architecture of this temple is very impressive. Its structure is similar to that of a stupa established by Emperor Ashoka. A huge statue of Mahatma Buddha is seated in this temple, which is in Padmasana posture. Mahatma Buddha spent seven weeks here after attaining enlightenment. Those seven places have been marked in the premises of this temple.
Takht Shri Harimandir Ji Patna Sahib
Shri Harimandir Ji Patna Shahib is located in Patna of Bihar. It is a historical place related to the faith of Sikhs. Because it is the birthplace of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, a symbol of valor and fearlessness. It is said that Guru Gobind Singh was born to destroy the terrorist eras of that time. Their five sacred thrones are considered in the culture of the Sikhs. This Gurudwara is also one of his five Takhts. This Gurudwara was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, which is a very beautiful presentation of architecture. The place has been revered by three famous Sikh Gurus. It not only honors the pride and glory of Patna but also glorifies the history of Patna.
Ruins of Nalanda
At one time this Nalanda University was one of the largest universities in the world. It is mentioned in its account of the arrival of Chinese travelers Hiuen Tsang and I-Tsing and their experience. Hiuen Tsang studied here living with Buddhist disciples. This university was established in the 5th century. It was very much discussed for almost 100 years and people from all over the world used to come here to earn knowledge. But by the end of the Pala period, it started to decline. It was completely destroyed by the invasion by Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1200 AD. It is believed that even today relics are found in the scriptures. The ruins of this Nalanda are located about 90 km southeast of Patna.
It was built for grain storage after a severe drought in 1770. At that time many people died of starvation. Then on the orders of the then Governor-General Warren Hastings, a British engineer built this storage. It took about two and a half years to get it built and it was completely completed on 20 July 1786. This circular storage can hold 140000 tonnes of grain at a time.
This Golghar is a very beautiful example of architecture because no pillar has been installed anywhere in its construction. Its size is 125 meters and apart from this, its height is 29 meters. From here one gets a very picturesque view of the city of Patna and the Ganges flowing around it. The terrace is reached here by 145 steps. It was declared a state-protected monument by the government in 1979. Now a beautiful park has also been built here where anyone can go to spend time with their children and family.