Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil is taken with special reverence among the patriots who freed Mother India by sacrificing their lives. He was born on 11 June 1897 in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh. His father’s name was Shri Muralidhar, and he was not much educated. His ancestors belonged to the Tomarghar region of the erstwhile Gwalior State. He was working in Shahjahanpur Municipality. Pandit Muralidhar first had a son who passed away after a few days. A few years later, Ram Prasad Bismil was born. Ram Prasad was very naughty in his childhood. His grandfather Narayan Lalji, who was very fond of exercise, used to get the boy Ramprasad to exercise with him.
As a result of the values of his grandfather, Ram Prasad Bismil later became a strong, handsome, courageous, and character person. By the age of seven, Ram Prasad learned Hindi at home and visited a Maulvi to learn Urdu. Ram Prasad’s mother and grandmother were both very adventurous women. The nature of these two also affected the life of Ram Prasad Bismil.
Ram Prasad In Arya Samaj
At the age of thirteen, Ram Prasad completed his primary education. But Due to his carelessness towards studies, he failed in the middle examination for two consecutive years. Once, when Ram Prasad was worshipping in the temple, he met a gentleman named Munshi Indrajit, who was a believer in Arya Samaj’s principles. At that time, the principles of Arya Samaj were considered as a symbol against social stereotypes. These principles greatly influenced Ram Prasad. Slowly Ram Prasad started getting attracted towards Arya Samaj. His life became disciplined after reading the book “Satyarth Prakash” by Swami Dayanand Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj.
Ram Prasad’s father was a Sanatanpanthi, and Ram Prasad became a staunch Arya Samaji. Because of this, there was often a hearing between father and son. One day Ram Prasad’s father clearly said that either you leave Arya Samaj or leave the house. Ram Prasad Bismil, roaming in the forests for a couple of days, attended a meeting held in Shahjahanpur. It was a gathering organized by the members of Arya Samaj. At that time, Swami Somdev, who was a great patriot and scholar, was visiting Shahjahanpur. Ram Prasad was very impressed with him and devoted his life to his service. In Swamiji’s guidance, Ram Prasad Bismil got detailed information about current events like religion, politics, etc.
At that time, the tyranny and suppression of British rule on Indians were at their peak. In 1916, the famous revolutionary Bhai Parmanand was sentenced to death in the Lahore Conspiracy. Ram Prasad was very impressed by reading his book “Tawarikh-e-Hind”. He had great faith in Bhai Parmanand. Then he vowed that he would avenge the hanging of Bhai Parmanand. Swami Somdev blessed him and said, “May God shine bright in your future. Light up your name.”
Revolutionary Ram Prasad
Incidentally, the same year, the annual session of the Congress was held in Lucknow. Ram Prasad also attended the same convention. In Lucknow, Ram Prasad Bismil contacted some revolutionaries, who used to carry out revolutionary activities through a secret committee. The spark of revolution was burning in Ram Prasad’s mind, and soon he became a member of that secret committee. When the committee did not have money to buy weapons, Ram Prasad borrowed some money from his mother. With that money, he published a book called “How America Gained Independence”. Due to this, Ram’s revolutionary ideas were also propagated by the people and reduced the problem of money to some extent. He also returned his mother’s money.
Meanwhile, the leader of the Mainpuri conspiracy case, Gendalal Dixit, was arrested in Gwalior. Then Ram Prasad, with the help of his companions, distributed pamphlets titled “Sandesh to the countrymen”. But unfortunately, the police got the information, and the British government confiscated the pamphlets. Thus Ram Prasad came into the eyes of the police, and the police started looking for him. A warrant was also issued in the name of Ram Prasad in connection with this case. The police were tightening their noose to arrest them. That’s why Ram Prasad was working very carefully.
Ram Prasad Bismil had a younger sister named Shastri Devi. They were married in a village called Pinahat in Agra. Many times Ram Prasad used to take help of his sister in hiding weapons etc. Ram Prasad Bismil went to his sister’s village to escape the police. There he used to do farming work and also wrote books together.
Ram Prasad As A Worker
In search of Ram Prasad, the police issued a notice in his father’s name, in which his share of land would be auctioned to compensate for his arrest warrant. After this incident, Ram Prasad wanted to start a business. With the help of his friend, he studied the Bengali language and began translating the Bengali book “Nihilist Rahasya”. During this, Ram Prasad lived in the hut of a monk. After finishing the translation, he took out a booklet by the name of “Sushilmala”.
When the First World War ended in 1918, the British government publicly pardoned many other revolutionaries, including Ram Prasad Bismil. Now he could move around with certainty.
To improve the condition of the family, Ram Prasad took a job in a factory. While working, he got the manager’s post. With his earnings, the state of the house started improving.
After some time, the revolutionary party was reorganized in Uttar Pradesh, in which Ram Prasad Bismil also joined. Prominent leaders like Chandra Shekhar Azad, Sardar Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, etc., were included in that party. Ram Prasad Bismil was entrusted with the task of operating the party where he needed weapons. For this, all the revolutionaries deliberated among themselves and made a plan to loot the government treasury at Kakori station. Then, revolutionary people together robbed the government’s treasury.
The government-appointed Mr. Hostan, an intelligence expert, to investigate the Kakori incident. Hoston prepared a list of some suspicious persons in which the name of Ram Prasad Bismil was prominent.
A great son of India
Ram Prasad was once arrested when he was returning from his friend’s house. He was kept in Lucknow jail. Ram Prasad was tried along with other accused and sentenced to death. After that, all the accused were transferred to Gorakhpur Jail. Ram Prasad Bismil was to be hanged on 19 December 1927. That day his parents came to meet him.
Ram Prasad Bismil clung to his mother’s neck, and tears started flowing from her eyes. Seeing the son’s tears, the mother said in a loud voice, “I used to think that my son is courageous. The English government trembles in his name. He is crying today. If death is costing so much, then why walk on this path? Bismil said calmly, “Mother, this is not the tears of fear of death, but the tears of your love.” At the appointed time, Ram Prasad Bismil was taken to the gallows. He climbed on the gallows while speaking Vande Mataram. Ram Prasad Bismil did everything for the country. He served Mother India with his whole heart. The people of India bow down to such a great son of India.