Rajguru has an important place among the revolutionaries who sacrificed their lives to free Mother India from the slavery of the British. He was born in 1909 in a village named Kheda of Poona in Maharashtra. His family was a family of Sanskrit scholars, that is why this family was called the Rajguru family.
Rajguru’s early life
Rajguru’s full name was Shivram Rajguru. He was fickle in nature since childhood. They slowly grew up under the pampering of their parents. When grew up little, he was sent to study in the village school. During that time his father became seriously ill. He eventually passed away after a long illness. At that time Rajguru was only 6 years old. When the boy Rajguru could not find any shelter, he left the village forever and went to Poona to pursue his future life under the protection of his brother.
Rajguru in Poona
Rajguru’s elder brother arranged for his stay and studies in Poona. Rajguru was revolutionary and obstinate in his childhood. He used to go to study but he did not feel like studying. He was seeing with his own eyes the atrocities committed by the British on the people of the country. Gradually, he started hating the British and falling in love with Mother India. Since Poona has been a stronghold of state change and Peshawar. Therefore, in the flow of time, political heat and revolutionary ideology also kept on running at the same time. Rajguru also took interest in the speeches of the leaders and the activities of the revolutionaries. Due to this nature and obstinate nature of his elder brother became dissatisfied with him.
His struggling life
One day when he reprimanded him in strong words, Rajguru left the house. At that time he was only 15 years old. He had nothing other than the clothes worn on his body. Distraught with hunger and thirst, they reached Nashik while working hard. After leaving Nashik, they reached Jhansi. There he spent some days of his life working hard. While meeting people from place to place and touring the city, he also saw the turmoil of the politics of Kanpur and Lucknow. By chance he reached Kashi. He got an opportunity to get an education in Kashi. After taking admission in a Sanskrit school there, he informed his elder brother. He pleased and also assured Rajguru of financial assistance for education.
He joined the group of revolutionary
But the attraction towards patriotism and revolution was increasing in Rajguru’s mind. His mind was not even in Kashi. So he met the great revolutionary Chandrashekhar Azad in Kanpur. Chandra Shekhar Azad included him in his party. After joining the group of revolutionaries, Rajguru started practicing shooting in the forests of Bundelkhand. Soon he became proficient in the shooting. This group of revolutionaries known as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army. Under the direction of Chandra Shekhar Azad, Rajguru was entrusted with the task of arranging food for the party.
His courageous act
In Agra, the revolutionaries had kept their secret meeting places at many places. In Agra itself, the work of preparing bombs and other weapons also done in one place. One day in the evening, the revolutionaries were being consulted at a secret place in Agra. Rajguru was engaged in arranging food in the kitchen. There, sitting in front of the fireplace, the idea of testing himself came to his mind. He heated the tongs in the fireplace and stabbed him three times in his chest. In the first and second time, he remained silent with all his might, but the third time the scream came out of his mouth. Hearing the scream, Azad and Bhagat Singh immediately reached the kitchen.
On being asked, Rajguru said with fear, I was trying myself to see whether I had the courage to bear the torture if caught by the firangis. Azad and Bhagat Singh embraced Rajguru’s innocence and his perseverance.
When the Simon Commission reached Lahore on 20 October 1928, people protested by showing black flags and taking out a procession. A huge crowd was moving forward under the leadership of Lala Lajpat Rai. Seeing this, Sergeant Saunders became furious with anger. He attacked Lala Lajpat Rai several times with sticks. His whole body was covered in blood. He died on 17 November due to his injuries. After the death of Lalaji, there was panic among the revolutionaries. He planned to take over the job of Police Superintendent Scott.
Death of Saunders
On December 17, 1928, according to the pre-determined plan, the revolutionary party with full preparation and disguised stood around the police station. At that time Azad, Bhagat Singh, and Rajguru were prominent. Everyone was alert and attentive. Then saw the shadow of a police officer coming towards the bike parked outside. As soon as he put his hand on the handle of the motorcycle standing right in front of the gate of the police station, With the sound of hail, a bullet hit him in his chest. The bullet came out of Rajguru’s pistol and Saunders was the victim of the bullet.
Explosion in central assembly
After the murder of Saunders, the police started searching for Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, and Sukhdev. At that time Rajguru’s name was not registered on the police list. From Rajguru Gupta, sometimes Jhashi, Kanpur and sometimes Agra started coming as a businessman. In April 1929, many revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Batukeshwar Dutt, Rajguru, etc. gathered in Delhi. He planned to distribute pamphlets in the Central Assembly in protest against the Public Safety Bill. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt went to that work.
When the proceedings of the House began in April 1931, there was a loud explosion. Both the revolutionaries Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt started throwing pamphlets with Inquilab Zindabad. The police arrested them. After some time the police raided a bomb-making factory in Lahore and caught many revolutionaries. Sukhdev and Rajguru were also among the captured revolutionaries.
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, and other revolutionaries were tried in the court while simultaneously involved in several incidents. The trial pronounced on 7 April 1930. Accordingly, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were sentenced to death. On 23 March 1931, the three revolutionaries were brought to the gallows. Raising the slogan of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’, the three people of freedom wore the noose around their necks and were martyred on the motherland laughing.