Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India, was born on November 14, 1889. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the architect of modern India, was born at Mirganj in Allahabad. His Father’s name was Pandit Motilal Nehru, and his mother’s name was Mrs. Swarooprani. Pandit Gangadhar Nehru, Father of Motilal Nehru and grandfather of Jawaharlal Nehru, was the Kotwal of Delhi city. During the mutiny of 1857, almost all his property was destroyed. After which, the Nehru family and other refugees left Delhi and settled in Agra. It is where Jawaharlal Nehru was born.
Jawaharlal Nehru’s father was a famous lawyer of his time. In 1899, he bought a house which was named Anand Bhawan. Jawaharlal’s early education took place at home, and from the very beginning, he had a great interest in studies. An English teacher, Ferdinand Brooks, used to come home to teach Jawahar. Under his guidance, Jawahar received his early education in religion and science. Along with studies, Jawahar was also very interested in various types of sports. Of these, he used to play cricket and tennis very well. Apart from this, he also used to swim and was good at horse riding.
Pandit Motilal Nehru raised his son like a prince. He gave a lot of affection to the child Jawahar but never relaxed in discipline and strictness. They wanted Jawaharlal to become a very big man in the future, so after completing his elementary education at home, he was sent to England for further studies.
Eduaction Of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Pandit Motilal Nehru used to give constant instructions to Jawaharlal through his Letter. Apart from this, they used to give information about the political developments of India to them. At this time, Pandit Motilal Nehru was on the middle path of politics. They are influenced by the western way but are not supporters of British rule in India. Jawaharlal was not concerned with what was happening in India, but still, he felt a restlessness in his mind. In 1907, he joined Trinity College, Cambridge, when he was 18 years old. The Indian students in Cambridge had their society called the Majlis. Jawaharlal also sometimes joined them. Although he had some interest in politics, he never expressed his views openly due to his shy nature.
Jawaharlal Nehru had so far breathed in the environment in which he had received education and initiation, in which there was no even the imagination of the absence. But when he returned to his country, he saw the plight of his countrymen closely, then he was finding himself in a state of dream-break. He decided to do something for his country and countrymen. Seeing the plight of his country trapped in the shackles of slavery, the first necessity that Jawaharlal felt was freedom. At this time, two ideologies were dominant in the country, the Moderate Dal and the Extremist Dal. The strong supporters of the moderate dal were Mahatma Gandhi, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, etc., and the supporters of the extremist were leaders like Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bipin Chandra Pal.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru In congress party
Once the Congress session was held in Bankipur, then Jawaharlal Nehru participated in it. The zeal of patriotism was burning in his mind. Seeing the plight of India, the scenes of freedom of London and its people started roaming in front of their eyes again and again. I wanted to see my country India also free and happy. Initially, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was hesitant to speak Hindi, but soon he made up for this shortcoming. In 1916, Pandit Lal Nehru was married to Kumari Kamala. She was not as educated as Jawahar Lal, but soon she learned modern methods and started behaving like Jawaharlal. After marriage, Jawaharlal started actively participating in the work of Congress. Gradually he came to be recognized as a militant worker of Congress. The British government started keeping an eye on them like other leaders.
Suddenly Kamala Nehru’s health started deteriorating, then Jawaharlal went to Mussoorie with her and her mother for climate change. But being an active worker of the Congress, he was ordered to leave Mussoorie. Forced, Jawaharlal Nehru returned to Allahabad, leaving his mother and wife alone. After coming back, Jawaharlal could not understand what to do when Baba Ramchandra, the leader of the farmers of Pratapgarh in Allahabad, came to meet him. He told about the plight of the farmers.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru felt very sympathetic to know about the problems of the farmers. He started meeting the rural people to know the condition of the village. For the first time, he saw the plight of the village of India so closely. He met with torn, dirty clothes, weak bodies, hungry, naked, and sick people for the first time. Seeing the pathetic condition of the rural people, changes began to take place in Jawaharlal’s personal life as well.
First jail of Pandit Nehru
Jawahar Lal, who lived in Anand Bhavan, was now roaming from village to village in the passion of freedom. Jawaharlal himself was warm-tempered but was a man of heart, so the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi’s policies influenced him. This influence grew so much later that Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru came to be considered the successor of Mahatma Gandhi’s ideology. The Crown Prince of England came to India in 1921. The Congress boycotted his arrival. The British forces opened fire on the crowd gathered to boycott the crown prince. After this, the fire of Satyagraha spread all over India. During this, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and his Father Pandit Motilal Nehru should be arrested and imprisoned on charges of sedition. It was the first jail visit of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
After 3 months, he got involved in the freedom struggle movement with his life when he came out. He would address the public, and every child of India would be ready to sacrifice for freedom on his call. Because of this, the British government used to put him in jail on some pretext or the other, but despite going to jail, again and again, his enthusiasm did not diminish. Repeatedly these jail visits also yielded positive results. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru wrote many books while in jail, some of which are prominent, Glimpses of World History, Autobiography, Discovery of India, etc. At the same time, his letters to his daughter Indira Priyadarshini were later published in Letter from the Father to the Daughter.
The first prime minister of India
Most of the time of Pandit Nehru’s married life was spent in jail and public works. Kamala Nehru finally died on February 28, 1936, due to ill health. The interim government was formed in India on December 2, 1946, due to the Bhagirath efforts of Gandhiji, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, and other leaders. Finally, on August 15, India was freed from the chains of 200-year-old slavery. As the first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal said in his message to the country, “and the appointed Day has come, today after a long sleep and efforts, India has woken up and has become powerful, free, and independent”.
Pandit Nehru devoted everything to the service of the country. He did not even think of his own family in front of the service of the country. The brave son of Mother India, who was engaged in the country’s service till the end, went to heaven on May 27, 1964. His last wish was that the ashes of my ashes should be carried by airplane to a height and scattered in the fields. His ashes should be scattered where the farmers of India work so that it mixes with the soil of India and becomes a part of it.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had a Great Love For Children. During his tenure as Prime Minister, he used to meet many children. Children used to affectionately call him Chacha Nehru. Therefore, as a tribute to him, Children’s Day is celebrated on his birthday. Children’s Day is celebrated every year on November 14. Many educational and motivational programs are organized all over India for children on the Day of Children’s Day.