Newborn Care Week is celebrated every year in India from 15 to 21 November To Take Care Of The Newborn. National Newborn Care Week is celebrated every year from 15 to 21 November. Its main purpose is to take care of the newborn so that there is no problem with the child’s survival. The first 28 days of birth are crucial for the survival of a newborn. During this time, the immune system of the newborn child is not developed, due to which his risk of death is highest. According to statistics, 2.6 million babies die every year in the first 28 days of life. Newborn Care Week is being observed to reduce this mortality rate.
The neonatal mortality rate in India in the year 2000 is 44 per 1000 children. Also, the neonatal mortality rate decreased to 28 per 1,000 children in 2013. In the coming time, such a step is being taken to reduce this mortality rate. Newborn Care Week is being celebrated to raise awareness among people about newborn care. Experts believe that 75% of neonatal deaths can be prevented with known, effective health measures at birth and during the first week of life. The cause of death soon after the birth of a newborn is prematurity Complications during birth severe infection.
What is important during the first week of birth: Newborn Care Week 2021
A newborn baby needs attention for its growth and maximum development. With some basic needs, a child’s survival is entirely dependent on the mother and other caregivers. In addition, warmth, normal breathing, breast milk, and prevention of infection are the basic needs of a normal baby at birth. Therefore, proper care immediately after the birth of a newborn baby is very important. Let us see what has involved in the proper supervision of a newborn baby with newborn care week 2021.
- The newborn should be completely dry soon after birth.
- The newborn should have skin-to-skin contact with the mother.
- Stiffening and cutting of the umbilical cord after the first minutes after birth.
- Newborns who do not begin breathing on their own until one minute after birth should receive positive pressure ventilation by a self-inflating bag and mask with room air.
- There should be an early start of breastfeeding.
- Newborns should have eye care after the first hour of life.
- The newborn should receive vitamin K and Recommended Vaccinations (OPV and hepatitis B vaccine, birth dose of BCG) within the first hour.
- The newborn should be evaluated for birth weight, birth defects, and signs of neonatal disease.
- Special care should be provided for sick newborns.
- Newborns who are premature and have low birth weight or are infected with HIV should be given appropriate care on the advice of a doctor.