|Full Name||Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.|
|Date of birth||January 15, 1929|
|birth place||Atlanta America|
|date of death||April 4, 1968, Memphis, America|
|mother-father||Martin Luther King Sr. Alberta Williams King|
|Work area||Social service|
Martin Luther King’s efforts that led Mahatma Gandhi’s path to non-violence and truth (Truth & Non-Violence) made progress in the field of civil rights in America; That is why he is also seen today as a symbol of human rights. Two churches have also recognized him as saints.
Career & History
Martin Luther King was active in social work from the beginning. The year 1955 was the turning point of his life. He was married to Karatea this year, she was called to deliver a discourse at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in the Montgomery City of Alabama, and this year, a woman was arrested by Mrs. Rose Parks, a woman against black-white discrimination in Matsgomery’s public buses. After this case, Dr. King started the famous bus movement. After this event boycott movement was also started which lasted for 381 days, the provision for separate seats for black and white passengers in American buses was abolished. Later, with the help of religious leaders, the same civil law movement spread to the northern part of America.
In March of 28, 1963, his demand for desegregation of racial segregation in the discretionary civil rights law, including prohibiting racial discrimination in public schools and employment also established. Protection of civil rights for all workers in protest and the need for $ 2 minimum wages was also kept. The establishment of a self-government for Washington DC was also sought in March. His efforts proved successful and concluded with Martin Luther King’s 20th greatest speech “I Have a Dream” on the Lincoln Memorial.
In 1968, with the full support of the SCLC, Martin Luther King Jr. organized the campaign for the poor. Demand for assistance for the poorest communities in the United States in the campaign. In the same year, King traveled to Memphis to show support for the black city activist of Memphis, Tennessee, who went on strike for better pay and better treatment.
Awards & Recognition
In 1964, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for world peace. Many American universities gave him honorary titles. Religious and social institutions provided medals on his name. The ‘Time’ magazine chose him as the ‘Man of the Year’ in 1963. He was very impressed with Gandhiji’s non-violent movement. Following Gandhiji ‘s ideals, Dr. King launched such a successful movement in America, which also got the support of most of the whites. He is also known as America’s Gandhi, in 1959 he traveled to India. Two books written by Dr. King are ‘Stride Toward Freedom’ (1958) and ‘Why We Can not Wait’ (1964), he founded the South Christian Leadership Conference in 1957.
Dr. King’s beloved line:
“We are not what we should be, and we are not those who are going to be, but
thank God, that we are not those who were we.”
Death: – On April 4, 1968, he was shot dead in a US hotel.