In a simple Kayastha family, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh. His father, Shri Sharda Prasad Srivastava, was a teacher in a school. Mother Smt. Ramdulari was a woman of simple sentimental heart. The people of Lal Bahadur Shastri’s family used to call him “Nanhe” affectionately. His father died when he was one and a half years old. Lal Bahadur’s maternal grandfather kept him under his protection and nurtured him by teaching good manners in such a situation. Thus the child Lal bahadur Shastri started growing up under the protection of his mother and maternal grandfather.
Lal Bahadur had learned to live in deprivation and struggle since childhood. His education took place in his maternal house till the sixth grade. According to his name, he was filled with courage. He had so much passion for studies that while going to school or coming to school, he often would cross the river with books tied around his waist because he did not have money to pay the rent to the boatman. Lal Bahadur was sent to Banaras for further studies. After coming to Banaras, he took admission to Harish Chandra High School. After completing his studies from there, he took admission to Kashi Vidyapeeth. From there, he obtained the title of “Shastri” in Philosophy.
Lal Bahadur Shastri’s patriotism
At that time, the people of India were troubled by the atrocities of the British. For the struggle against British rule, continuous movements were being run under the leadership of Gandhiji and Maulana Azad. In it, self-respecting and patriotic youths were actively participating, sacrificing their whole lives. Gandhiji had already sowed the seeds of patriotism in Shastriji’s mind, and it continued to grow with time and the environment. Inspired by Gandhiji’s speeches and his call, he had resolved to engage in the work of service to the nation fully. Meanwhile, on May 16, 1928, he got married to Lalita Devi. As a dowry in marriage, Shastriji accepted to take a spinning wheel and some Khadi, etc.
Lal Bahadur Shastri had to go to jail many times during the freedom movement due to the nation’s love. Even in the most difficult circumstances, he did not turn his back on his duties towards his country.
In front of country service, he never paid attention to his comfort or the family’s needs. Shastriji remained in jail for about nine years, during which he never expressed his desire for comfort.
Once upon a time. When Lal Bahadur Shastri Naini was in jail, he got the news of his daughter’s illness. Then Shastriji thought, “For me, the love of the nation is paramount. I have come to jail for the freedom of the nation. If I meet my daughter by writing an apology, what face will I show to Mother India? His daughter had passed away before reaching his home.
Shastriji As A Prime Minister
After the death of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Prime Minister of the country. At that time, the country was going through very difficult conditions. On the one hand, the country was struggling with the shortage of food grains, and on the other hand, there was a huge threat from Pakistan and China. At that time, Shastriji had saved the country from every danger with great intelligence and courage. When Pakistan attacked India in 1965, Lal Bahadur Shastri had moments from a decisive position. He ordered the soldiers to give a befitting reply to the enemy. Pakistani soldiers could not stand before the bravery and courage of Indian soldiers, and India got the victory. At the same time Lal Bahadur Shastri gave this slogan, Jai Jawan Jai Kisan.
To improve relations with Pakistan, Shastriji played the role of a strong politician, and the Tashkent Pact was signed with Pakistan through the mediation of the Soviet government. In Tashkent itself, on January 10, 1966, he left us forever due to cardiac arrest.
In this way, from beginning to end, he has faced struggling situations. Lal Bahadur Shastri was a great son who dedicated every moment of his life to the country. He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, on January 26, 1966. His burial place in Delhi is famous as Vijay Ghat.