The Jallianwala Bagh massacre is the dark chapter of British India’s history. 99 years ago, on 13 April 1919, British officer General Dyer had indiscriminately fired gunshots on the unarmed crowd in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar. More than 1,000 people were killed in this massacre, while more than 1,500 were injured. On the day that this brutal event took place, that day was Baisakhi. After the massacre, the end of British rule began. After this, the country got a revolutionary like Udham Singh and Bhagat Singh.
Know, 10 things that can not be forgotten related to Jallianwala Bagh massacre …
1. On April 13, 1919, a meeting was held to protest against the Rowlett Act in the Jallianwala Bagh, situated 1.5 km away from the famous Golden Temple of Amritsar. That day was also crumbling. The fair was held in Jallianwala Bagh for many years on Baisakhi day, where hundreds of people had reached that day to join.
2. Then the then British Regiment Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer reached there with 90 soldiers. The soldiers surrounded the garden without warning, started firing on unarmed people. The people present there also tried to get out, but the path was very narrow, and Dyer’s army stood up to stop him.
3. On the order of General Dyer, the British Army had shot down for about 10 minutes without interruption. There was about 1,650 round firing in this incident.
4. Many people jumped into the wells in the garden to save lives, which is now called ‘Shaheedi Kuan’. It is still present in the Jallianwala Bagh and reminds of the innocents who were killed.
Jallianwala Massacare is a shameful event in British history
5. According to the British government, about 379 people were killed and 1,200 people were injured. But according to the Indian National Congress, more than 1,000 people were martyred that day. Of which 120 bodies were found in wells and more than 1,500 people were injured.
6. General Dyer was a great supporter of the Rowlett Act, and he did not approve of its opposition. His intent was that the Indians would be scared after this massacre, but in lieu of this, the whole country was agitated against the British government.
7.The massacre was criticized all over the world. After all, under pressure, the Secretary of State Edwin Montagu for India made Hunter Commission for its investigation at the end of 1919. After the commission’s report arrived, Dyer was demoted and made a colonel and was sent back to the UK.
8. The House of Commons passed a condemnation motion against Dyer, but House of Lords praised the massacre and passed the commendation motion. Later, under pressure, British prosecutor passed a resolution condemning him. Dyer had to resign in 1920.
9.On 13th March 1940 Udham Singh went to London to take revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre There, he shot Dyer in Caxton Hall and killed him. Udham Singh was hanged on July 31, 1940. Udham Singh Nagar of Uttarakhand has been named after him.
10. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre has effected BhagaonSingh in the inner side. It is said that when Bhagat Singh got information of this massacre, he had reached Jallianwala Bagh a distance of 19 km from his school.