Tiger is known as the national animal in India. But sadly, the number of this national animal has declined quite rapidly in the last decade. According to the WWF, the number of wild tigers has declined by more than 95% since the beginning of the 20th century.Therefore, considering it as a serious problem, on the occasion of International Tiger Day 2021, we will try to find solutions related to it. Also, the theme of World Tiger Day 2021 is ”Their survival is in our hands” International Tiger Day is celebrated almost every year with this theme.
History of International Tiger day
International Tiger Day is celebrated every year on 29 July to commemorate the agreement signed by the countries at the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia in 2010. The special purpose of this festival is to create awareness among the general public for the conservation of tigers. However, a project was started by the Government of India in 1973 with the aim of saving tigers. It was named Project Tiger. Many tiger reserves were created under that project. You will be surprised to know that in 1973-74 there were 9 tiger reserves, now its number has increased to about 50, which has 2967 tigers until 2018.
According to the report of the Wildlife Protection Society of India, 120 tigers died in the year 2016, while in the year 2017, 116 tigers and in 2018, 85 tigers died. Therefore, the main objective of this International Tiger Day is to increase the number of tigers. For this, it is very important to protect their natural habitats.
Many species of tigers are found all over the world. The Bengal tiger has been declared the national animal in India. The combination of grace, strength, agility and immense power led to the tiger being declared the national animal of India. Apart from this, there are many other species of tigers that are found in different parts of the world such as the Siberian tiger, Indochinese Tiger, Malaysian tiger, South China Tigers, and Sumatra Tigers
The saddest thing is that till now four species of tiger have become extinct.
- Bali tiger
- Caspian Tiger
- Javan Tiger
- Tiger Hybrid
If the tigers are not protected then the rest of the tigers will also become extinct.
The scientific name of the tiger is Panthera tigris. It is a member of the genus Panthera. It is one of the largest cat species found in the world.
Why Tiger Will be conserved?
The tiger is the largest consumer in the ecological pyramid and food chain. As a consumer, the tiger maintains balance in nature by eating deer, boar, and other herbivorous animals. If there is no tiger in the ecosystem, then the number of grass-eating animals will increase due to which there will be a crisis of food and water for humans.
How tiger be conserved?
- Promotion of natural habitat of tigers
- Preventing changes in the environment.
- Stop poaching and illegal trade
It is a matter of happiness for us that in the year 2020, Union Forest and Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar informed us that 70 percent of the world’s tigers are present in India. If such government and public become aware of saving tigers, then surely one day they will be out of the list of extinct species.