Wednesday, September 1

How To prevent the climate crisis in India?

 The climate crisis is increasing day by day. The result of this can be clearly seen in the change in the weather. Everyone is troubled by such a heavy amount of rain and floods. The only reason for this is the climate crisis. The warming limit of 1.5 degrees drawn during the Paris Agreement is much closer than previously estimated. The frequency of drought will increase as the earth warms up. With this, there will be a huge increase in warm winds and cyclonic storms. For the last few days, the news is coming from all over the world that the weather is constantly changing. Also, it is affecting millions of people in a big way. India has also been in the grip of this climate crisis. Therefore, India should start preparing to avoid this climate crisis.

The new report of the Environment Panel On Climate Change has proved all the fears about the climate crisis justified. India should increase security against extreme weather events and their mixed effects. For this, India needs to increase its activities to prevent climate crises both at the regional and district level. A study by the Council on Energy, Environment, and Water suggests that about 75 percent of the districts in the country are major centers of extreme weather events. 

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Effects of the climate crisis

In most of the districts of the country, which are prone to extreme weather events, the weather has turned quite opposite as compared to earlier. The threat of floods has increased 8 times in the last 50 years. Apart from this, incidents like landslides, heavy rains, cyclonic storms, typhoons, and cloudbursts have increased up to 20 times during this period. During the twentieth century, the probability of flooding in the Ganges basin has increased up to 6 times.

The region, which has been traditionally flood-prone, is now facing extremely severe drought conditions. At the same time, there has been an abundance of floods filled with storms and storms in the dry area. These districts mainly fall in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu, etc. Here in the Himalayan region, due to the melting of glaciers, floods, and related incidents are increasing rapidly.

What will need to be done?

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India should analyze the effects of mixed changes in weather events resulting from this climate crisis. Apart from this, there is a need to analyze the fluctuations in the weather due to the climate crisis. Doing such an analysis will make it easier for India to recognize a far-reaching and serious threat. Apart from this, it will be helpful to evaluate and estimate at a fine level. In India, the district-based specific assessment will facilitate solutions to the problems posed by climate crises such as heat stress, water challenges, crop loss, and biodiversity loss.

This will prove helpful in providing protection against climate crisis to the infrastructure built and planned in the country. Apart from this, India should try to revive natural ecosystems like forests. These forests will be able to slow down the rapid increase in the incidence of climate crises such as an increase in hailstorms, cyclone storms, floods. Apart from this, it will also be able to prevent soil erosion.