Moving forward On The Path Of Self-Reliance, India is today one of the leading countries in the world of space. The credit of bringing India forward in space goes to the great Dr Vikram Sarabhai. ISRO was established on 15 August 1959 by Dr Vikram Sarabhai. But let us tell you that the space program in India was started on 21 November 1963. The event occurred near Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala, where a rocket was launched. The whole world believes in the success of ISRO in space. Let us see what great people have contributed to taking the history of ISRO to this level.
History Of ISRO
Space research activities in India started in the 1960s. At that time, the Tokyo Olympics were broadcast live by American satellites in the Pacific Ocean areas where the satellite’s potential was seen. Then Indian doctor Vikram Sarabhai had recognized this space technology. He was the father of India’s space program. He then formed a team as the Director of Physical Research Laboratory at Ahmedabad. In that team, he included the great scientists of the country. The Indian National Committee for Space Research was started under the leadership of Dr Vikram Sarabhai and Dr Ramanathan. Later its name was changed. Now it is known as the Indian Space Research Organisation or ISRO.
19 April 1975 was a historic day for ISRO and the whole of India. On this day, India also took the first step in space with Aryabhatta. Aryabhata was the first satellite of our country, which was built with the help of Russia. This spacecraft was named after the Great Mathematician Of India, Aryabhata. It was India’s first experimental satellite. After this success, ISRO never looked back. Then, ISRO launched the first SSV on 18 July 1980. With its launch, ISRO created history all over the world.
ISRO Create History
India’s first indigenous satellite was named Rohini, launched from India itself. Former President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was the main contributor in making ISRO a success. He was the project leader of SLV-3. When ISRO’s first experimental flight failed in August 1979, the entire team was despairing. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam handled the entire team like a leader at that time. Impressed by Dr. Kalam’s words, the team again started doing this work under his leadership. A year later, when this mission of ISRO was successful, Dr Abdul Kalam got all the credit for it.
ISRO made a great move from SLV to ASLV on 20 May 1992. It was a great success on the part of ISRO. On 22 October 2008, ISRO sent the unmanned Chandrayaan 1 into space, which surprised the whole world. This spacecraft consisted of 11 scientific instruments manufactured in India, Germany, Sweden, America, Britain, and also Bulgaria. The success of this mission had filled the confidence of the scientists of India.
Then on 5 November 2013, Mangalyaan was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Center. This spacecraft built by ISRO was established in the orbit of Mars after travelling 650 million kilometres. The Mars mission is considered special because the expenditure incurred in making it was less. It was less than what a Hollywood gravity film would cost. It was included in the Best Inventions of 2014. A film was also made in India on Mangalyaan, which was very much liked by the audience. ISRO also launched India’s seventh navigation satellite on 28 April 2016. It gave India its GPS. India was the third country to do so. Earlier, this work was done only by America and Russia.
ISRO Created A World Record on 15 February 2017 by launching 104 satellites simultaneously. On 14 November 2018, ISRO successfully launched the GSAT-29 satellite from Sriharikota. It was the heaviest satellite weighing 3423 kg. Its goal was to provide better communication in remote areas of the country.