Saturday, November 27

History Of First Digital Computer Of India

Computers and laptops have come a part of our life. Computers have been playing a veritably important part in the lives of common Indians for periods. A Computer has come veritably important for any country to progress. In the last many decades, there has been rapid-fire progress in computer technology in India. The creation of computers is like a revolution in The Field Of Science And Technology. For numerous Indians, this is a welcome result of the post-LPG (liberalization, privatization, globalization) reforms initiated by the government in 1991. But let us tell you that the story of the first digital Computer had started long back.

first digital computer

Statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis was asked to estimate the paddy crop after the shortage in Bengal. During that time, Prashant Chandra felt the need for calculating machines. He decided that he’d develop the computing machines indigenously. With this idea, he innovated the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in Kolkata in 1932. Then, after this, for the first time, that mechanical duty calculator was introduced. After independence, Prashant Chandra had the occasion to work towards developing a truly indigenous computer.

To develop analog for first digital computer In India

After independence, the creation of computers was veritably important to take the country forward on the path of tone-reliance on wisdom and technology. The also Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru entrusted this design to two of his most trusted associates, Doctor Mahalanobis and Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha. Mahalanobis established the Electronic Computer Lab to develop analog computers. He hired two talented graduates Samarendra Kumar Mishra and Somendra Mohan Bose, for this.

It may feel easy in the present times, but making computers in India at that time wasn’t such an easy task. Computer components weren’t available in India to make computers, and there was a lack of indigenously manufactured computer factors in India.
Also, it was nearly insolvable to procure various parts for the Computer due to the lack of foreign plutocrats to import the components. But Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha and Dr. Mahalanobis were determined that they would continue to develop indigenous computers. For this, they searched junkyards and war materials to prepare computers. The necessary components for the Computer were prepared together in their factory. After so important trouble, they eventually got the first indigenous analog Computer in 1953.

When was the first computer made?

After getting the analog Computer, the action to make an indigenously developed country’s first digital computer was started. The ISI, under the guidance of Dr. Mahalanobis, took the cooperation of Jadavpur University to work in this direction. During that time, Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha started taking forward the digital Computer at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Asia’s first nuclear reactor’Apsara’ was being built in India under the leadership of great scientist Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha. At the same time, another platoon was also preparing to make a computer under his leadership.

Homi Jehangir Bhabha’s platoon designed an airman machine to prepare the first digital computer in India in the time 1955. After that, its full-scale interpretation was prepared in 1959. The digital computer machine was formally commissioned in the month of February 1960. After this, the also Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru named it the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Automatic Calculator (TIFRAC) in 1962. Also, India was the alternate country in Asia that had succeeded in producing indigenous digital computers. The first country was Japan.

The first generation mainframe computer developed for scientific calculation was installed on 22 February 1960 at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai. Its commands were written in a series of 1 and 0. In its medication, also the government had approved Rs. 700000. It remained functional until mid-1964. During this time, it helped to understand the infrastructural conditions for establishing computer assiduity in India. In this way, the first digital Computer was made under the leadership of our country’s talented scientists like Mahalanobis and Homi Jehangir Bhabha. Now India is also moving forward towards The Digital World.

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