This year’s effects of monsoon mood are a bit different. Due to this different mood of monsoon, the sowing of the Kharif crop in India has stopped. The crops are getting damaged due to less rain and sometimes more rain. For example, in the northwestern states of the country, there has been a drought-like situation due to less rain. And, in the eastern states, more than normal rains have stopped the sowing of pulses and oilseeds. More and less rainfall than normal has affected the Kharif season and hence the sowing of procurement season this year is 11 percent behind last year.
Effects of monsoon on different states
60 percent of the agriculture in the country is dependent on the southwest monsoon. Because it does not have adequate irrigation facilities. Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, and Haryana, so far have negligible rain, due to which there are chances of drought. Due to effects on monsoon, along with coarse cereal crops, pulses and oilseed crops have also been sown less. The cultivation of all these crops is generally dependent on the monsoon.
Talking about the eastern states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Bengal, Jharkhand, more than normal rainfall has brought more moisture to the soil there. Sowing of crops is not possible in soil with high moisture content. The Meteorological Department says that from next week, clouds will be in normal form across the country, due to which Kharif crops are expected to accelerate.
The Agriculture Ministry says that due to the indifference of this monsoon, Kharif crops will not suffer much. Agriculture-related activities may increase due to rains in the next week. Explain that the monsoon in India is affected by two types of winds- Northeast monsoon and south-west monsoon. The northeast monsoon is often called the winter monsoon. These northeast monsoon winds blow from the plain to the sea, which comes across the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and the Bay of Bengal. But most of the rainfall in India comes from the southwest monsoon.