Litti Chokha Of Bihar is a unique dish famous not only in India but all over the world. One comes to Bihar for the first time; then, he cannot live without the taste of Litti Chokha. An example of this has also been the Prime Minister of the country, Narendra Modi himself. Apart from this, when Aamir Khan came to Bihar during the promotion of his film, he too could not stop himself from eating Litti Chokha. In this way, you must have understood how famous Litti Chokha of Bihar is. That’s why today we are going to tell you about the history of Litti Chokha of Bihar.
Recipes of Litti Chokha
Before going to the history of Litti Chokha, let us see how Litti Chokha is made. Litti is a ball of dough inside which sattu is stuffed. The sattu, which is stuffed in it, is mixed with onions, garlic, chilies, and other spices to enhance its taste. The dough balls made in this way are baked in a burning bonfire. Now comes the turn of chokha, made from potatoes, brinjals, tomatoes baked on fire. In this way, everyone becomes crazy to eat Litti Chokha prepared in a very easy way.
Apart from Bihar, it is also very much liked in Jharkhand. You must have noticed that there are many Biharis who take the name of Litti-Chokha to introduce themselves. Apart from Jharkhand and Bihar, Litti Chokha is often made in people’s homes after rains in Purvanchal of Uttar Pradesh. Since we need fire to make Litti Chokha, men are more interested than women in making this dish, and it’s also the easiest to Make. Hence it is one of the easiest dishes to make in Bihar. What is the history of Litti Chokha, which many celebrities have not been able to stop themselves from eating? So let’s see the history of Litti Chokha.
History of Litti Chokha
The history of Litti Chokha is associated with the Magadha period. When Chandragupta Maurya was the king of Magadha, his capital was Pataliputra, i.e., present-day Patna. He was a very majestic emperor and his empire extended to Afghanistan. While fighting, his soldiers had to travel long distances. According to historians, the soldiers of Chandragupta Maurya used to carry Litti-Chokha with them during the war.
According to several books of the 18th century, the main food for long-distance travelers was litti chokha. Thus litti chokha came into vogue during the Magadha reign. When the Greek traveler Megasthenes came to India in 302 BC, he was surprised to see the grandeur of the Magadha Empire. He praised Pataliputra and said that this city is one of the largest and beautiful cities in the world.
We get to see the proof of Litti Chokha even in the Mughal period. However, the way of eating it had changed at that time. With time, the way of eating Litti Chokha changed. During the Mughal period, the trend of non-vegetarian eating increased among the people, so Litti was eaten with broth and Paya.
Eating litti chokha was prevalent even During The Freedom Struggle. In British times, litti was eaten with curry. During the fight with the British, our freedom fighters also used to carry Litti Chokha with them. The reason people carry Litti Chokha with them is that it does not spoil quickly, remains healthy, and is also very easy to make. The soldiers of Tatya Tope and Rani Lakshmi Bai during the Revolt of 1857 were very fond of Baati or Litti. It was easy for the soldiers to gather materials to make it, and it was also very easy to make it. In this way, the history of Litti Chokha of Bihar is very old, and perhaps this is why anyone who comes to Bihar cannot live without eating Litti Chokha.