Tuesday, March 28

Constitution Day Of India: History Of Constitution Of India

November 26 is celebrated as National Constitution Day of India. It is celebrated because the Constitution of India was prepared on November 26, 1949, itself. On November 26, 2021, a program is also being organized in the Central Hall of Parliament House on National Constitution Day. According to sources, in this program, the country’s President will read the Preamble written in the Constitution. To understand the Constitution of India, it is essential to know its past. The story of the Constitution of India is fascinating. Rulers in ancient India Were Bound By Religion. The subjects also had to follow the religion. Religion was not associated with any sect. Today, as we call the rule of law, the same was the spirit of the rule of religion at that time. The state religion of that time was the Constitution.

constitution day of India
source: Internet media

India’s first sources of governance and Constitution are found in Vedas, Smriti Purana, Mahabharata, Ramayana, Buddhist and Jain literature, Kautilya’s Arthashastra, and Shukra Niti. There are many references to the Sabha, Committee, and Parliament in ancient India. There are many proofs of the existence of a republic. The oldest republic of the world was born in India.

For Constitution Day Of India

Struggle For Freedom

With the victory in the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the foundation of the English nation was laid in India. The Massive Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 was the first freedom struggle of Indians against the British Raj. The rebellion was ruthlessly suppressed, but with this, the Company’s rule in India ended. The British government’s rule came directly over the areas under the Company. The Simon Commission of the British came to India to consider constitutional reforms. Then, the British rulers said that Indians could not make a constitution for themselves. In response to this challenge, a committee headed by Motilal Nehru prepared a draft constitution popularly known as the Nehru Report.

Under British rule, it was now the first outline of a constitution made by any Indian himself. Then, it got the support of all the parties. On December 31, 1929, the Congress under the chairmanship of Jawaharlal Nehru adopted the goal of Purna Swaraj. Since 1930, every year on January 26, the life of independence started being repeated. January 26 continued to be celebrated as Independence Day till the country became independent. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946. From August 15, 1947, the Constituent Assembly became the fully sovereign Constituent Assembly of independent India.

After completing constitution of India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the chairman, and Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee of the Constitution. It was no small matter that the Constituent Assembly could make a constitution that would apply from one end to the other of this vast country and how many were successful in establishing unity among the diversities. Dr. Ambedkar, while speaking in the Vidhan Sabha on November 25, 1949, said insignificant words, ” I feel that no matter how good the Constitution may be. If the people entrusted with the task of running the Constitution turn out to be wrong, then indeed, the Constitution will also prove to be wrong. On the other hand, no matter how bad the Constitution is, the Constitution will prove suitable if good people are running it. ” 

On November 26 (Constitution day) 1949, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, in his concluding speech, warned the countrymen in memorable words and said that, Overall, the Constituent Assembly was successful in making a good constitution, and they believed that this Constitution would fulfill the need of the country. But if people come elected and are capable, of character, and honest, they will make even a faulty constitution the best. If they lack these qualities, then the Constitution cannot help the country.

Constitution of India

The members signed the Constitution on January 24, 1950. After this, the Constituent Assembly was adjourned indefinitely with the national anthem. But with this, the journey of the Constitution did not end. It would have been the beginning of the story. After this, the working of the Constitution started. The courts interpreted it. Then, laws were made under it by the Legislature. Also, many Constitutional amendments took place. In this way, the Constitution kept on evolving and changing. The way and as the people carried out the Constitution, from time to time, got new meanings.

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