One of the major rivers of India comes to the Brahmaputra River. The special reason for this is that it is the largest of all the small and big rivers flowing. The length of the Brahmaputra makes it special because where there is water, grains, fruits, and vegetables are grown there, it is the basis of life. All the civilizations that have developed to date have all been born on the banks of one or the other river. This river, which is longer than the Ganga, is counted in India and among the important rivers of South Asia.
The Brahmaputra originates at the Jima Yongzong Lake near Mount Kailash in Tibet. Initially known as Yarlung Sangpo in the plateau of Tibet, it flows east for 1700 km at an average altitude of about 4000 m. After this, it turns southwest near Namcha Barwa mountain and enters Arunachal Pradesh of India. For this reason, Arunachal Pradesh is a very good tourist destination. In Arunachal Pradesh, it is called Shiang.
Branches and ancient importance of Brahmaputra
Flowing through many cities of China, India, Bangladesh, it finally falls into the Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh. It flows in India, especially in the northeastern states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. This river divides into two branches between the Dibrugarh and Lakhimpur districts of Assam. Then in Assam itself, both the branches together form Majuli Island. Majuli Island is the largest river island in the world.
The plains which the Brahmaputra irrigates are rich in rice, jute, and mustard. The Brahmaputra in Sanskrit means the son of Brahma. According to our ancient texts, two rivers originate from Mount Kailash- Brahmaputra, and Shatadru.
Shatadru went ahead and joined Saraswati. Saraswati and Brahmaputra were considered dear to Brahmaji, the deity who created the world. However, the Saraswati river has become extinct, which is now mentioned in our holy books only. By the way, some people also believe that the Saraswati river still flows under the ground.
But the Brahmaputra is still one of our holy and special rivers. It is known as Yarlung Zhengbo in Tibet and Jamuna in Bangladesh. It is only from these names that people of different cultures live on its banks. This way acts as a link between people with different living habits, food habits, and clothes.
The Brahmaputra is a special river for travel and trade from one place to another. The government started flood control schemes after 1954. A small amount of electricity is generated from the Brahmaputra from the Assam Valley, while its estimated potential is much higher. Its capacity in India alone could be 12,000 MW. The most notable one is the Kopli Hydel Project in Assam’s hydroelectric power station, and the rest of the station is under construction.
The Brahmaputra river was without a bridge over its entire course in the plains until the Saraighat bridge for road and rail was built near Guwahati in Assam in 1962. Bangladesh has the only transshipment boats to cross the Brahmaputra river.
Sadiya, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Tezpur, Guwahati, Gowalpara, and Dhubri are the main towns in Assam from where the river is crossed. Experts discovered the upstream route of the Brahmaputra in the 18th century. But no one knew about it in the 19th century.
After that, in Assam in 1886, Indian surveyors Kinthup and J.F. The discovery of Needham established the Tsangpo River as the upper course of the Brahmaputra. In the 20th century, British expeditions went against the Tsangpo stream and explored the mountain passes of the river up to Jih-ka-tse in Tibet. In this way, the Brahmaputra river is very important in India. It gives a lot of economic benefits to India. The lifestyle of the people living on its banks is quite good. Having natural lakes along with rivers is also a matter of pride for any country. The beauty of the lake in the eastern states of India attracts tourists a lot.