Today Bihar has been a free state for 106 years. At the occasion of Bihar day, People are immersed in excitement and enthusiasm. Every year on 22 March, we celebrate Bihar Diwas. In order to understand the true meaning of division of Bihar in these zeal and pitfalls, we need to get rid of those pages of history, those who do not mean to remember the past, but to take inspiration from their pride and to by making necessary and useful values, making relevant and ultimately fulfilling.
Bihar Diwas : Without Bihar’s History, India’s History is incomplete-
Yes, Without history of Bihar, India’s History is incomplete. To save the historical and cultural heritage of Bihar, it needs to be protected so that history can be further brought together by combining tradition with progress. After all, history is not just a reading but a tool to understand and change society. Knowing your past is important because it gives us a sense of pride and helps in building a future.
Bihar has long been the focal point of Indian politics for a long time now. Likewise, Bihar has been the center of cultural activities since ancient times. If started from the time of Mahatma Buddha, then the rule of Hirak dynasty was at that time. Bimbisar was the king of this dynasty. His son, Ajatshatru, expanded his rule on the larger part of India. After this Naland dynasty ruled. He has been ruled by most of the area. Then the rule of the Maurya dynasty came. Its King Chandragupta, along with his Guru Kautilya, expanded the rule.
Similarly, in the North Vedic period, the compositions of Vedic literature, Brahmin books, Upanishads, epics etc. were done in Bihar. The court of Mithila was a center of cultural activities throughout India for a long time. There used to be philosophical writings and knowledge. Its proof is filled in ancient literature. Democracy was established during the last rites of Mithila’s Janakwanshi, which was the world’s oldest democratic governance system.
World Heritage Nalanda University is in Bihar
In Bihar the Nalanda University and Bikramshila Mahavihara were a high quality educational institution. Students from abroad came to receive the education of religion, science, philosophy etc. The evidence available about them shows how much effort has been made by our ancestors in their construction. During the Gupta period, Nalanda University in Bihar was famous for its academic credentials around the world. Students from around the world used to come here. Later the invasions of Muslim rulers destroyed the Nalanda. Even today its ruins are present in Bihar.
Buddhism is linked to Bihar
Bihar is the historical place where Lord Buddha received Nirvana. The Buddha religion that has established itself in the world has its roots in Bihar. Not only that, the founder of Jain religion, Lord Mahavir, was born in Pavapuri town in the south-west of Patna, and he received Nirvana only on the soil of Bihar.
Patna is special in Sikh history
The birth of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and last of the Sikhs, also happened in Harmandir, situated in the eastern part of Patna, where there is also a grand gurdwara today. It is also known today as Patna Sahib, which is one of the five holy places (Takhts) of the Sikhs.
Bihar is special in modern history
Bihar was part of Bengal province under British rule, whose capital was in Calcutta. Although Bengal was completely dominated during this period, in spite of this, some names came out of Bihar, who made their identity as state and country’s pride. In this connection, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who lived in Jiradei in Saran district of Bihar, comes in the name. He became the first President of India.
Bihar and Orissa became an integrated state after separation from Bengal province in 1912, after which Bihar and Orissa were made separate states under the Indian Government Act, 1935. Even after independence in 1947, the geographical boundaries of Bihar remained as a state. After this, in 1956 some part of Bihar’s Purulia district was added to West Bengal on a linguistic basis.
Revival of Bihar from the Indian independence movement
During the Indian independence movement, there was a resurgence of Bihar. From Bihar itself, the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi initiated the Civil Disobedience Movement. Gandhiji’s first movement was also started from Champaran. The British had sent Jail to Motihari during Gandhiji’s visit to Bihar. After Independence, who can forget the student movement of Jayaprakash Narayan? The JP movement did not just take Bihar along with the whole country. There has been a lot of change in Bihar’s politics and social status.
The Government of Bihar issues a public holiday on 22 March to be celebrated as Bihar Diwas.